TSU SMART Innovation Technology Center

Five-Stage Learning Spectrum for Utilizing Artificial Intelligence (A.I.) in Education

Arrighi AI-C2 Utilization Spectrum

Convenience to Competence

This spectrum outlines the progression of learner engagement with AI tools in education, fostering both cognitive enrichment (deeper understanding) and self-efficacy (confidence in using AI). As they progress through the stages, learners develop critical thinking skills, problem-solving abilities, and the confidence to leverage AI for transformative learning experiences.

About Dr. Nicole Arrighi

Dr. Nicole Arrighi is an Assistant Dean at Tennessee State University's College of Education. She has over 15 years of experience in the field of education technology and leadership. 

Dr. Arrighi received her Ph.D. in Educational Technology from Florida State University. Her research focuses on the integration of emerging technologies like artificial intelligence (AI) into K-12 and higher education settings.

In 2021, Dr. Arrighi developed the AI-C2 Utilization Spectrum as a framework for conceptualizing how AI can support the teaching and learning process at different levels. The spectrum ranges from 'passive utilization' of AI, like using robots to enhance classroom interactions, to 'active utilization' where AI plays a more central role in customizing instruction or providing personalized tutoring to students.

The goal of the AI-C2 Utilization Spectrum is to provide educators and administrators a common language for planning and assessing AI implementations. It also aims to ensure AI is used to augment rather than replace important human elements of the educational experience. 

Since unveiling the spectrum, Dr. Arrighi has presented it at numerous national conferences. She also consults with school districts on developing strategic plans for responsible and effective AI integration using the framework. Dr. Arrighi's work is helping pave the way for increased understanding and uptake of AI-enhanced learning models.